A lot is written about contraception . Much less is written about how a woman can get pregnant. After all, having children is actually quite simple, you would think. But difficulties getting pregnant are far more common than generally assumed. In Germany alone, an estimated two million couples are involuntarily childless – 34 percent of all couples who want to have children. And the trend is rising.
The desire to have a child is officially unfulfilled only when a couple that regularly sleeps together is not expecting an offspring after a year. In these cases, it may be that there is only a small reason standing in the way of pregnancy , which can be easily remedied. What you can do to increase your chance of getting pregnant naturally, we have compiled here.
16 Tips To Get Pregnant
Eat A Balanced Diet
Make sure you eat a balanced diet. Important for female fertility are B vitamins, especially folic acid, which also plays a key role during pregnancy. Eat plenty of green vegetables, potatoes and whole grains. Other important vital nutrients include beta-carotene (in carrots, green vegetables, yellow and orange fruits, dairy products), vitamin C (in citrus fruits, berries, tomatoes, potatoes), vitamin E (in grains & sprouts, cold-pressed oils), iodine (in sea fish, iodized salt, broccoli, spinach and mushrooms) and selenium (in soybeans, grains, fish and meat).
Vitamins For Him
Your partner’s eating habits are also crucial: vitamins C, E and B12 are essential for sperm formation. Men should also pay attention to an adequate zinc intake to positively influence the number and constitution of their sperm cells. Plenty of whole grains and dairy products as well as pumpkin seeds, seafood, oatmeal and beans should now fill the diet. Lycopene – a carotenoid – is also said to improve sperm success rates (found in tomatoes, mussels, grapes and melons).
Hands Off Alcohol And Nicotine
Even women who smoke moderately have significantly worse chances of becoming pregnant than non-smokers. In them, the concentration of harmful substances in the uterine mucosa and the follicles is greatly increased, which can make fertilization and implantation of an egg more difficult. In men who smoke, the amount of semen and testosterone production decreases. Couples who wish to have children should also enjoy alcohol only in moderation. From five glasses of wine or beer per week, a woman’s fertility decreases by 40 percent; in men, alcohol consumption affects sperm density and sperm vitality. In addition, alcohol reduces erectile function and dampens the desire for sex in the long term.
Clear Your Schedule
Avoid any form of stress. The body reacts to physical and psychological stress with reduced fertility – after all, it must assume that the time for pregnancy is unfavorable. Therefore, create “stress-free zones” for yourself. Hormonal balance is a prerequisite for a fertile cycle. Stressed women often have elevated prolactin levels. This hormone, which is responsible for milk production during breastfeeding, for example, can also slow down ovulation or interfere with the implantation of the egg in the uterus.
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If possible, avoid all activities at night, such as boisterous parties or night work. This upsets the biorhythm. Fertility needs light! When it’s dark, your body produces a lot of melatonin, a hormone that in turn suppresses the ovulation-triggering hormone LH. As a result, ovulation may be delayed or not occur at all. So if you work late or irregular hours, try to get more day shifts, at least temporarily.
Limit Coffee Consumption
Starting with five cups of coffee or five glasses of cola a day will make it harder to conceive. Too much caffeine also increases the risk of miscarriage, which means a woman can lose her baby in the early stages of pregnancy. One to two cups a day are harmless. And for men, four cups of coffee and twenty cigarettes a day or more will make the sperm sluggish.
Pay Attention To A Healthy Body Weight
Being overweight or underweight does not necessarily affect fertility. However, two-thirds of women who weigh more than 20 percent over their normal weight (height minus 100) suffer from cycle disorders. The same applies to women who are more than ten percent below their ideal weight. Their bodies may react to this by not ovulating or not having their period. A body fat percentage of around 29 percent is optimal for a woman to become pregnant.
Beware Of Heat
Among other things, male fertility is strongly dependent on temperature. Extensive hot baths, many and long sauna sessions, but also tight pants lead to overheating of the gonads and can disrupt sperm production.
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Getting To Know Your Own Cycle
The egg can only be fertilized 12 to 18 hours after ovulation and the sperm can survive a maximum of five days in the uterus. Consequently, you can only get pregnant on six days per cycle. For most women, ovulation occurs about 12 to 16 days before menstruation. The period between ovulation and menstruation is fairly constant for most women. Fluctuations in the cycle are usually due to delayed or accelerated ovulation. Reasons for this can be travel, stress or even pleasure. The better you learn to perceive your body signals, the more influence you can thus have on your fertility.
Using The Temperature Method Correctly
Many couples use the temperature measurement method to determine the fertile time. Mistakenly, many believe that the ideal time for conception is when the basal body temperature has risen. But then it is already too late – ovulation has already occurred. The egg can only be fertilized on the day of ovulation and 12 to 18 hours afterwards. But because sperm can survive up to five days, they count as fertile time before ovulation.
Don’t Overdo It
Increase your chances of fertilization by abstaining! Sounds contradictory? But it’s true. If you have sexual intercourse several times in a row, the concentration of sperm in the man’s ejaculate decreases with each time. Only after about two to five days does the sperm count and quality increase again. It is highest after ten days of abstinence.
Speaking Of Sex
If you get up and shower immediately after intercourse , the sperm won’t stay in place long enough and you’ll just flush them away. So it’s better to stay in bed for a while. If you do use lubricants, avoid oil-based products. Most lubricants change the vaginal environment so that sperm can no longer reach the fallopian tube.
Have Regular Examinations
Carried over and undetected infections in the genital area are not infrequently the reason for infertility. For example, an undetected clamydia infection is one of the most common causes of tubal disorders. Also beware of spreading bladder infections or fungal infections. See a doctor early and always cure your symptoms completely. In most cases, the partner must also be treated to avoid mutual infection.
Seek Advice From Your Doctor
Some medicines can impair fertility. For example, cough and cold remedies not only cause the nasal mucosa to swell, they can also dry out the mucous membranes of the reproductive organs. Therefore, talk to your doctor if you need to take something regularly. Special care should also be taken when handling toxins: If you deal with toxic substances in your daily work, you should get tested for them. An accumulation of heavy metals such as lead, cadmium and mercury in the body could make you infertile in the long run.
Plan Long-distance Travel Carefully
If you want to get pregnant, put off long-distance travel until later. A severe change in climate and time could upset your cycle. And travel illnesses, which are often treated with antibiotics, can also prevent pregnancy. Tropical vaccinations, such as malaria prophylaxis, are hard on the body, and therefore taboo when pregnancy is imminent. Vaccinations against hepatitis or tetanus are safe.
Last But Not Least:
Stay calm and do not put yourself and your partner under pressure. It is not an old wives’ tale that things usually work out when you are no longer expecting them.