17% of children and adolescents between the ages of 11 and 17 describe themselves, according to their self-assessment, as generally conspicuous with regard to many different areas of behavior. With an early motopedia various behavioral problems in different areas can be treated in time. Psychological problems and others can already be significantly reduced in a child of 2 years. You can find out everything about motopedics in this article.
Table of contents
Motopedics: A Holistic Method
Motopedics is a strength-oriented method of treating various abnormalities in children, adolescents and adults. The focus is not exclusively on behavioral abnormalities, but equally on abnormalities in the area of performance and perception.
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Psycho-, socio- and sensorimotor problems are taken into account. The treatment itself is based on an interaction between the individual body movements and the human psyche, with the central approach being movement. Here the term psychomotricity should be mentioned.
Psychomotorics As A Basis For Motopedics
Psychomotricity assumes that psychological processes such as emotionality but also the individual structure of the personality have a significant influence on the movement processes of the individual. For example, facial expressions, speech, but also walking are among the psychomotor processes. Various schools of psychomotricity explicitly emphasize the connection between the development of perception and motor skills and the psychological experience of a person, especially the mental-psychological-emotional development. The material and social environment are also taken into account. As a concept, psychomotricity is used within motopedics, but also in motopedagogy, mototherapy, as well as in movement pedagogy and movement therapy.
Motopedics Developed By Sports Pedagogues And Psychiatrists
The founders of motopedics are considered to be the sports pedagogue Ernst J. Kiphard and the two child and adolescent psychiatrists Helmut Hünnekens and Elisabeth Hecker. Whereby the emergence can be traced back to the 1950s. Motopedic work can focus on therapeutic-rehabilitative or pedagogical-preventive aspects. Mototherapy and motopedagogy can be considered as focal points.
Motopedagogy As A Discipline Of Motopedics
As a field of application of psychomotricity, motopedagogy is a special field of work in the pedagogical context. Motopedagogy uses movement to achieve the desired goals. The focus is on various personality-building concepts. For example, balance training takes place. Furthermore, children gain material and social experiences. Also a promotion of creativity can take place over the Motopädagogik. Furthermore, the field of application refers to various movement experiences that significantly train perception. Among other things, visual and auditory perceptions are trained.
Motopädagogik: Movement Development And Personality Are Connected
In principle, Motopädagogik is a holistic concept that sees the development of movement in close connection with the entire personality. Movement is indispensable for the development of children. Parents, educators and teachers are noticing more and more motor behavior problems in children. If various movement patterns are conspicuous, Motopädagogik can be used as an excellent approach for training.
Why Motopädagogik Is So Important
The concept of motopedagogy is relevant in many contexts. For example, children who have trouble sitting in a chair for long periods of time will have great difficulty in the school day following the teacher throughout the entire lesson. Within Motopädagogik, children learn to focus on themselves. If, on the other hand, a child suffers from balance disorders that are clearly noticeable, he or she will in all likelihood have great difficulty writing straight on the line later on. Motopedagogy can be used preventively to reduce recognized behavioral problems and help the affected child from the age of 2 for the future.
Mototherapy As A Discipline Of Motopedics
Mototherapy is a developmental psychomotor therapy. The focus is always on the individual development of the child. An essential basis of mototherapy is the interaction of movement, perception, action and experience. With the help of mototherapy, children can overcome fears, strengthen their own self-confidence and work through individual difficulties in a promising way. If a child’s development has stalled, it can be reactivated with the help of mototherapy.
Mototherapy For Children With Behavioral Problems
In principle, mototherapy is suitable for children who are conspicuous in various areas. For example, they are restless, clumsy, anxious, inhibited or have balance problems when moving. Furthermore, children are addressed who have no or an exaggerated sense of pain. Mototherapy as a sub-discipline of motopedics can also be very effective and successful in cases of ADD and ADHD. Furthermore, concentration problems or partial performance weaknesses can be treated with this form of therapy.
For Whom Is Motopedics Suitable?
Motopedics addresses a rather broad group of patients. In principle, the treatment is well suited for every child. Psychological facts prove that the form of therapy is particularly well suited for children who:
- Fall down conspicuously often or find their balance poorly and often bump into each other.
- Are particularly restless, clumsy and inhibited in their movements and feel insecure in this respect.
- Have stiff or awkward, or perhaps too slack, muscle tone.
- Tire quickly and often have a feeling of lack of strength.
- Regularly fail to rest, have difficulty concentrating and cannot maintain their attention for long periods of time.
- Frequently lose their bearings and have trouble socializing with other children.
- Show no willingness to accept and abide by rules.
- Have behavioral problems in the areas of fearfulness and insecurity and behave in a conspicuously shy manner.
- Have problems in responding to various environmental stimuli and reacting accordingly.
- Are unable to meet the requirements of a day care center or school and show a lack of willingness to learn and perform in this context.
How Does The Motopedia Take Place?
If you are of the opinion that motopedics is the best solution for your child’s behavioral problems, the first step is to go to the pediatrician. You should explain to the pediatrician where your child’s problems lie and ask for a referral to an experienced motopedist. Alternatively, it is possible to arrange for motopedics through a nearby early intervention center. It is advisable to apply for support as early as possible. Often early intervention centers have waiting lists due to lack of capacity. It can make sense to register a child as early as 2 years old. It is crucial that you do not look for a physiotherapist, but really a motopaedist who has the appropriate specialized training.
If you have found a motopaedist for your child, a detailed anamnesis will take place beforehand. For this purpose, the therapist will also refer to the previous findings and reports of the doctors. Furthermore, he will ask you some questions about your child and the occurring problems, so that he can get a comprehensive picture. Psychological problems such as fears are also relevant here. Following the anamnesis, the Motopaedist will decide which treatment is suitable for your child.
Group Or Individual Therapy In Motopaedics
It should be noted that both individual therapy and group therapy are possible in the appropriate age group. Under certain circumstances, group sessions can be helpful in solving psychosocial problems. Furthermore, there are sport motor, neuromotor, and psychomotor procedures that the Motopaedist may select as appropriate. Not infrequently, there is a focus on experiential and expressive therapy. In this, group games are performed that contribute to a significant strengthening of motor skills. With appropriate motor skills toys, you too can promote your child’s skills.
Relaxation Thanks To Motopedics
Relaxation methods can also be taught through motopedics. Worth mentioning in this context are meditation or autogenic training. Motopaedists can also teach the possibilities of progressive muscle relaxation, various breathing exercises and other relaxation methods. The range of different offers within motopedia is broad and is based primarily on psychological facts.
Behavioral Problems In Children Not Uncommon
Many parents blame themselves for any behavioral problems in children. However, you must be aware that you are not to blame. Here are some figures and psychological facts that prove that behavioral problems among children are not that rare. According to the Robert Koch Institute, 17 percent of children and adolescents between the ages of 11 and 17 consider themselves to be generally conspicuous. 14.2% of children and adolescents state that they are conspicuous in at least one area. According to a study by the BMBF, BMG, 27.9% of parents of children and adolescents up to the age of 17 say that their children are generally conspicuous. 17.5% of parents say their children show behavioral problems in at least one area. Parents of a total of 17,641 children were surveyed. Based on nearly 800,000 DAK billing records, the survey shows how common mental illnesses are among children and adolescents. According to the data, 190 out of every 1,000 boys suffer from developmental disorders that require treatment. For girls, the figure is only 123.8 out of 1,000. The above figures clearly show that behavioral problems in childhood and adolescence are not uncommon. With the help of motopedics you can help your child to reduce conspicuousness and to become a self-confident person.
Conclusion: Counteracting Behavioral Problems With Motopedics
Motopedics is an excellent way to effectively counteract behavioral problems in children. It includes different sub-disciplines and various techniques as well as forms of therapy that contribute to a child’s development. Treatment is possible on the one hand through experienced motopaedists and on the other hand through special early intervention centers. Furthermore, treatment is possible within groups or as individual therapy. Motopedics can also be applied preventively in the form of motopedagogy.