Second Largest Diamond In The World Discovered

Botswana is located in the south of Africa. Next to Russia, the country is the largest diamond producer in the world. And now the second-largest diamond in the world has been found here. The gemstone is 1111 Carat in weight and is the size of a tennis ball. The last time such a large find was made was over 100 years ago.

Diamonds: Hard, Rare And Incredibly Expensive

Diamond is a form of carbon, a naturally occurring substance. Most often, the substance diamond forms crystals, which give it the typical rectangular shape. Diamond forms only at great depths because there is a higher Print prevails there than on the earth’s surface. Diamond, besides being used for jewelry, is also used for very sharp cutting tools, as diamond is one of the hardest substances in nature. For example, one can easily cut a sheet of glass with a diamond-like sheet of paper. Since diamonds are very rare and mining them from the depths is very expensive, the value of diamonds is very high. Especially as jewelry, diamonds are quite expensive. Even small diamonds cost a lot of money. But there is a tragic side to it: poor people work in extreme heat deep down in the mountain to mine diamonds, often only so that rich people can make expensive jewelry out of them.

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The Size Of A Tennis Ball

The second-largest diamond in the world, now found in Botswana, is the size of a tennis ball. Its value has not yet been determined, but it is probably almost priceless. For comparison: A diamond, which was not even half as large, was sold a few years ago for 35 million Dollars 35 million. The largest diamond in the world was found in South Africa in 1905 and weighed 3105 carats. It was later broken down into several, individual diamonds.

Explanation Of The Difficult Words:

Carat is a unit of weight for diamonds. It is used to determine the weight of a gemstone.

The Print on the surface of the earth is fairly constant at 1013 kilopascals (a unit used to indicate atmospheric pressure). If you bort deep into the earth or dive deep into the ocean, then the pressure increases. Also, on other planets like Venus or Mars, the pressure is quite different from that on Earth, at which humans could not live.

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The dollar is the currency with which you can pay in the USA. One dollar is currently worth pretty much one euro.

Photo: FreshPaint/bigstockphoto.com

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