Vomiting During Pregnancy: What To Do?

Many pregnant women suffer from nausea and vomiting. Usually, vomiting during pregnancy subsides after the first three months. Some pregnant women often suffer very badly from vomiting. In most cases, vomiting in pregnancy is natural, and with plenty of drinking and a balanced diet, it is not a cause for concern.

But if a woman has to vomit very frequently, she may suffer from Hyperemesis Gravidarum. This variety of pregnancy vomiting is very dangerous for both mother and baby. Hyperemesis Gravidarum is manifested by the pregnant woman vomiting more than 3-5 times a day. She consistently loses weight and her vomit may contain blood or look like coffee grounds. She also loses much more fluid than she can keep down.

What Is Hyperemesis Gravidarum?

Just two percent of all pregnant women suffer from Hyperemesis Gravidarum. Reasons for frequent vomiting during pregnancy are still unclear. However, it is assumed that the reason could be a stomach infection with Helicobacter pylori. Also, a too high level of estrogens or if the woman is very sensitive to the hormone hCG, which is only released during pregnancy, are mentioned as triggers.

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Often, many pregnant women also have high levels of thyroxine (thyroid hormone) at that time. Therefore some researchers investigate a connection between hCG, the high value of Tryoxin, as well as a disturbance with the placenta. Therefore, the following reason would arise for the frequent pregnancy vomiting: If the uterus is not sufficiently supplied with oxygen in early pregnancy, the female body produces much more hCG, whereupon the pregnant woman suffers from very severe vomiting. If the expectant mother has a very high thryoxine level or her body overreacts due to pregnancy, hyperemesis gravidarum may also occur.

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Dangers Of Frequent Vomiting In Pregnancy

Due to frequent vomiting, a woman loses fluids during pregnancy, therefore dehydration may occur. This, in turn, causes high blood pressure, heart palpitations, kidney problems, and thrombosis. In addition, the esophagus can also be cracked or the nervous system can be damaged. If the woman suffers from frequent vomiting (hyperemesis gravidarum) even after the first trimester of pregnancy, the risk of pre-eclampsia may increase.

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In addition, if the blood becomes over acidified due to poor nutrition and it is not treated in time, this can even be dangerous for the baby. Hyperemesis gravidarum is treated with infusions to keep the risk low. As a result, the baby may come earlier than expected or more easily, but no consequences for the newborn have been noted.

But despite this, pregnant women who vomit frequently are very thoroughly monitored by their gynecologists. Not only blood pressure measurements but also Doppler ultrasounds are used. In this way, it can be ensured that the baby develops undisturbed.

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Home Remedies For Vomiting During Pregnancy

Ginger helps both nausea and vomiting in many women. It can be taken as capsules (4 x 250 mg daily) or as a syrup (4 x 1 tablespoon daily) several times a day. However, ginger can affect the stomach and cause heartburn. However, since it does not affect the baby and most expectant moms tolerate it very well, doctors always suggest ginger with vitamin B6 for treatment.

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Provided that it is ordinary vomiting, it also helps to change eating habits. Therefore, instead of large meals, eat many small snacks that are rich in carbohydrates. However, you should pay attention to fatty as well as low-protein foods and limit the intake of them. Drink a lot, because you lose a lot of fluid when you vomit. Still, drinks and especially peppermint and chamomile tea will soothe your stomach. Often, a warm chicken broth can also give strength and satiate until nausea has passed.

What Helps With Vomiting During Pregnancy?

Some women who suffer from vomiting during pregnancy also resort to acupressure or acupuncture. Yoga or shiatsu can also relieve discomfort. But make sure the provider has knowledge of pregnant women and ask to see certificates. Also, feel free to ask your midwife. Most midwives offer a variety of services to help ease pregnancy discomfort.

Photo: Lopolo / bigstockphoto.com

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